How to Properly Brush and Floss

How to Properly Brush and Floss - Bliss Oral Care

For healthy dental hygiene, brushing and flossing everyday is the most crucial routine. In addition to preventing gum disease and tooth decay, proper brushing and flossing also help to reduce the bacteria that can cause other health problems in the body.

An attractive smile, a healthy mouth, and the prevention of serious diseases can all be improved with proper brushing and flossing. 

Plaque can also be easily removed by brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing, which also helps to keep cavities at bay.

Here we will be discussing the reasons behind proper brushing and flossing, ways to brush and floss and mistakes to avoid while brushing and flossing. 

Why brushing & flossing are essential

Brushing and flossing are essential for good oral hygiene because they help remove plaque and food particles from your teeth and gums, reducing the risk of tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath.

Brushing helps remove plaque from the surfaces of your teeth, while flossing removes plaque and food particles from in between your teeth and along your gum line where brushing alone cannot reach.

Maintaining good oral hygiene habits, including brushing and flossing, can help keep your mouth healthy and prevent dental problems. It can also prevent -

  • Tooth Decay (Cavities) 
  • Proper brushing and flossing can prevent tooth decay by removing plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth and can produce acids that eat away at the enamel, leading to cavities. 

    Brushing removes plaque from the surfaces of your teeth, while flossing removes plaque and food particles from in between your teeth and along your gum line where brushing alone cannot reach. By regularly brushing and flossing, you can help reduce the amount of plaque on your teeth and lower your risk of tooth decay. Additionally, using a fluoride toothpaste can help strengthen your tooth enamel and make it more resistant to decay.

  • Gingivitis 
  • Proper brushing and flossing can help prevent gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease, by removing plaque and reducing inflammation of the gums. Plaque, if not removed through brushing and flossing, can cause inflammation and bleeding of the gums. By removing plaque through proper brushing and flossing, you can reduce the amount of bacteria in your mouth and lower the risk of gingivitis.

  • Periodontitis 
  • Proper brushing and flossing can help prevent periodontitis, the advanced stage of gum disease, by removing plaque and reducing inflammation of the gums. If not removed through brushing and flossing, it can cause inflammation and bleeding of the gums. Over time, this can lead to the formation of pockets between the gums and teeth, allowing plaque and bacteria to accumulate, and eventually leading to periodontitis. By removing plaque through proper brushing and flossing, you can reduce the amount of bacteria in your mouth and lower the risk of periodontitis. 

  • Halitosis (Bad Breath) 
  • Proper brushing and flossing can help prevent bad breath, also known as halitosis, by removing food particles and bacteria from your mouth. Bacteria can multiply and release odour-causing compounds, leading to bad breath. 

    Brushing removes food particles and plaque from the surfaces of your teeth and tongue, while flossing removes food particles and plaque from in between your teeth and along your gum line. 

    Regular brushing and flossing, along with using a mouthwash, can help keep your mouth fresh and reduce the risk of bad breath. Additionally, maintaining a healthy diet and staying hydrated can also help prevent bad breath.

  • Tooth Stains 
  • Proper brushing can help prevent tooth stains by removing surface stains on your teeth caused by food, drinks, and tobacco. Brushing regularly with a fluoride toothpaste can help remove surface stains and prevent new ones from forming. 

    Additionally, using a professional teeth whitening kit can also help remove deep-set stains and brighten your smile. 

  • Tooth Loss 
  • Proper brushing and flossing can help prevent tooth loss by maintaining oral health and preventing gum disease. Gum disease (periodontitis, plaque) causes the gums to pull away from the teeth, creating pockets that can become infected. Over time, the infection can cause the destruction of the bone and tissue that support the teeth, leading to tooth loss. By removing plaque through proper brushing and flossing, you can reduce the risk of gum disease and maintain healthy gums and teeth, helping to prevent tooth loss. Regular visits to a dentist for cleanings and check-ups can also help maintain oral health and prevent tooth loss.

  • Gum Inflammation 
  • Proper brushing and flossing can help prevent gum inflammation by removing plaque and reducing the amount of bacteria in your mouth. 

    Plaque, if not removed through brushing and flossing, can cause inflammation and bleeding of the gums. By removing plaque through proper brushing and flossing, you can reduce the amount of bacteria in your mouth and lower the risk of gum inflammation. 

    Additionally, using an antiseptic mouthwash can also help reduce bacteria and prevent gum inflammation. Good oral hygiene habits and regular dental check-ups can help keep your gums healthy and free from inflammation.

  • Plaque Build-Up 
  • Proper brushing and flossing are essential for preventing plaque build-up. 

    Brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste helps remove plaque from the surfaces of your teeth. Flossing daily helps remove plaque from in between your teeth and along your gum line, areas that a toothbrush cannot reach. 

    Consistently following a proper oral hygiene routine of brushing and flossing, along with regular dental visits, can help prevent plaque build-up and maintain a healthy smile.

  • Tartar Build-Up 
  • Proper brushing and flossing are essential for preventing tartar build-up. 

    Tartar is a hard, calcified substance that forms on teeth when plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing. Brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste helps remove plaque from the surfaces of your teeth, while flossing daily helps remove plaque from in between your teeth and along your gum line, areas that a toothbrush cannot reach. 

    Regular visits to a dentist for cleanings and check-ups can also help remove tartar build-up and maintain oral health. 

    Tartar removal by a dentist is a necessary step in maintaining oral health, as its build-up can lead to gum disease, cavities, and tooth loss. 

    By consistently following a proper oral hygiene routine of brushing and flossing, along with regular dental visits, you can prevent tartar build-up and maintain a healthy smile.

  • Tooth Sensitivity.
  • Proper brushing and flossing can help prevent tooth sensitivity by maintaining the health of your teeth and gums. 

    Tooth sensitivity can occur when the protective enamel on your teeth is worn away, exposing the sensitive dentin layer underneath. This can occur due to factors such as brushing too hard, consuming acidic foods and drinks, and gum recession. 

    Proper brushing with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste can help remove plaque and prevent the wearing away of enamel. Flossing daily can also help remove plaque and food particles that can cause tooth sensitivity. 

    Additionally, using a desensitising toothpaste or a mouthwash specifically designed for sensitive teeth can also help reduce tooth sensitivity. 

    The proper way to brush

    Here is the proper way to brush your teeth: 

    • First, make sure to select the best quality toothbrush and toothpaste
    • Wet your toothbrush with water and apply toothpaste. 
    • Hold the toothbrush against your teeth at a 45-degree angle and use gentle circular motions to clean the fronts, backs, and tops of your teeth.
    • Tilt the brush vertically and use gentle up-and-down strokes to clean the inside surfaces of your front teeth, where plaque often accumulates. 
    • Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath. 
    • Spit out the toothpaste and rinse your mouth and toothbrush with water. 
    • Brush for at least two minutes, making sure to clean all surfaces of your teeth. 
    • It is recommended to brush your teeth at least twice a day, in the morning and before bedtime, to remove plaque and food particles that can cause tooth decay and gum disease. Brushing before bedtime is especially important as it helps remove bacteria and food particles that have accumulated in your mouth throughout the day.

    The proper way to floss

    Here is the proper way to floss:

    • Use a piece of floss about 18 inches long and wind the ends around your fingers for a better grip.
    • Gently insert the floss between your teeth, using a back-and-forth motion to work the floss into the tight space between your teeth and gums.
    • Curve the floss around each tooth in a C-shape and gently scrape the sides of each tooth to remove plaque and food particles.
    • Use a clean section of floss for each tooth to avoid spreading bacteria from one tooth to another.
    • After flossing, rinse your mouth with water to remove any remaining plaque and food particles.
    • It is recommended to floss at least once a day, preferably before brushing, to remove plaque and food particles from areas that a toothbrush cannot reach.
    • Flossing is an important part of a daily oral care routine and can help prevent gum disease and tooth decay. Be gentle when flossing to avoid damaging your gums and floss regularly to maintain good oral health.

    Common mistakes to avoid while brushing & flossing

    some common mistakes to avoid while brushing and flossing are:

    Brushing too hard - Brushing with too much pressure can damage the enamel on your teeth and cause gum recession, leading to sensitivity and tooth decay.

    Not brushing for long enough - You should brush for at least two minutes to effectively remove plaque and food particles.

    Not replacing your toothbrush frequently - You should replace your toothbrush every three to four months, or sooner if the bristles become frayed.

    Not using fluoride toothpaste - Fluoride helps strengthen tooth enamel and prevent cavities.

    Not flossing daily - Flossing once a day helps remove plaque and food particles from areas that a toothbrush cannot reach.

    Flossing too aggressively - Aggressive flossing can cause damage to your gums, so it's important to be gentle when flossing.

    Not using enough floss - You should use a piece of floss about 18 inches long and wind the ends around your fingers for a better grip.

    Conclusion

    In conclusion, proper brushing and flossing are essential for maintaining good oral health and preventing tooth decay, gum disease, bad breath, and other oral health problems.

    Brushing should be done at least twice a day, for two minutes each time, and your toothbrush should be replaced every three to four months.

    Proper flossing involves using a piece of floss about 18 inches long, gently inserting it between your teeth, curving it around each tooth in a C-shape, and using a clean section of floss for each tooth.

    It is recommended to floss once a day, preferably before brushing, to remove plaque and food particles from areas that a toothbrush cannot reach.

    By following these guidelines for proper brushing and flossing, you can help maintain good oral health and a bright, healthy smile.